Tuesday, August 3, 2021

First four days of Warsaw Uprising (part 2)


 Ochota District:
The units mobilized in this area did not capture either the territory or the military targets like the Gęsiówka concentration camp, or the SS and SiPo barracks on Narutowicz Square). 

SS: From the time of the Nazi Party’s rise to power until the regime’s collapse in 1945, the SS was the foremost agency of security, surveillance, and terror within Germany and German-occupied Europe.

SiPo: The Sicherheitspolizei, abbreviated as SiPo, was a term used in Germany for the security police. In the Nazi era, it was used to describe the state’s political and criminal investigation security agencies. 

After suffering heavy casualties, most of the Home Army forces retreated to the forests west of Warsaw. Only two small units of approximately 200 to 300 men under Lieutenant Chyczewski (“Gustaw”) remained in the area and managed to create strong pockets of resistance. They were later reinforced by units from the city center. Elite units of the Kedyw (Directorate of Diversion) managed to secure most of the northern part of the area and captured all of the military targets there. However, they were soon tied down by German tactical counter-attacks from the south and west.

Please read Killing Warsaw to discover more about this major World War II battle that lasted 63 days with average of 3,500 killed every day of the Rising.

Mokotów District: The situation in this area was very serious from the start of hostilities. The partisans aimed to capture the heavily defended Police District on Rakowiecka Street and establish a connection with the city center through open terrain at the former airfield of Mokotów Field. As both areas were heavily fortified and could be approached only through an open field, the assaults failed. Some units retreated into the forests, while others managed to capture parts of Lower Mokotów, which was cut off from most communication routes to other areas.

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