Friday, October 9, 2020

Offshore wind farms. Poland started late but has a big chance to become a leader

 The Ministry of Climate has recently announced that the Baltic Sea that is to become the largest natural power plant for Poland in the coming years. The country has the potential to build 1 GW of offshore wind farms by 2020, 3 GW by 2025 and 6 GW by 2030, and the target investments may reach PLN 100 billion ($25B).

In February, the wind turbines operated with an average power of 5.24 GW. The result met the demand for 25 percent of power throughout Poland, and that production of electricity comes only from land based windmills.

Generally, it is necessary to emphasize two aspects that will be favorable to Polish or, more precisely, the Baltic wind energy. The first is natural conditions, the winds are "better" than those over the North Sea, because they blow more steadily, without gusts - and these are the best for the windmills producing electricity. The second aspect is that because Poland is just starting in the field and it will build those wind farms based on the latest technology and the most efficient turbines available. Their average power will oscillate around 1 MW.  

There are other benefits of the development of offshore wind energy, such as the construction of infrastructure for its creation. In a special resolution, the government will designate Gdynia as the place where the installation terminal for the construction of offshore wind farms will be built. The terminal would cost about PLN 500 million and support not only investments on the Polish coast, but also in the Baltic States and Sweden. Due to the needs and logistics, the second terminal would most likely be built in the port of Szczecin.

(Based on an article by D. Piekarz in