Monday, July 12, 2021

Poland to rebuild Saski Palace where Enigma codes were first cracked

 The Saski (or Saxon) Palace was one of the most distinctive buildings in prewar Warsaw, Poland. It was destroyed by German forces in World War II after the Warsaw Uprising in 1944 and not rebuilt as of 2020.

The reconstruction is to cost over 520 million dollars (PLN 2 billion). 

The only remaining section of the palace, which is still intact, serves now as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a monument dedicated to unidentified soldiers who gave up their lives for Poland.

As the Jerusalem Post reports, the historic Warsaw Palace is known for being where the German Enigma machine codes were first cracked in 1932.

Prior to the war, between 1930-1937, the palace was used by the Polish Armed Forces Cipher Office, according to AP News. It was during this time period that three mathematicians,  Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Rozycki and Henryk Zygalski, cracked the German Enigma encoding machine - writes JPost.

The Polish mathematicians created a copy of the German Enigma machine, known as the "Polish Enigma." 

"After the war, Warsaw was rebuilt for many, many years, in times of poverty and extremely modest living. With the hard sweat and blood, people raised the capital from its ruins. That was also the case with the Royal Castle, which today is a beautiful symbol of Warsaw. Unfortunately, in the course of this rebuilding, there was no strength and will back then to rebuild the entire Saxon Palace," said President Duda in his speech.

Once the Polish government approves the plans and work can begin, the palace is expected to be completed by 2028.